African violet originates from Africa. It is a purple flower with yellow spots in its flower center. It is very popular among people. Many gardening enthusiasts will grow African violet. This article will introduce the breeding methods.
Ensure adequate lighting. Light is very important to promote flowering. Put the plant next to the window so that the right amount of sunlight comes in through the glass. The ones placed next to east-facing windows are the best because the plants can catch the rising sun. If placed in front of a south or west-facing window, cover it with thin curtains. In addition, in order to get all parts of the plant evenly exposed to sunlight, turn the garden pots 1/4 around every two weeks.
If you can’t find the natural light, you can also use fluorescent lights to illuminate the plants. The lights used to grow the violets require lamps from dual lamps – one with cool white and the other with full spectrum. The light should come down from 20-25cm above the plants for 12-14 hours per day. If the plant is too tight and needs to be stretched out a bit, reduce the light time to 8-10 hours per day.
Water at the right time. The most common reason of death in Viola planting is over-watering. The correct amount of water should be to keep the soil just slightly moist, not saturated. Water only when the soil surface is dry to the touch. Also, water with warm water.
Pay attention to the watering method. You can pour from the top down, or from the bottom up, or you can use automatic watering devices such as cotton wicks. However, water from the top down at least once a month to flush out any build-up of fertilizer salts. Also, never let the plant pots soak in water (unless you tie a tampon or use an Oyama auto-filling pot). If water gets on the leaves, wipe them off immediately with a paper towel to avoid stains on the leaves.
Use a suitable potting medium. The potting substrate used for growing Viola must be sterilized, lightweight, and breathable to facilitate root growth. Soilless nutrient substrates are ideal and contain sphagnum peat, vermiculite and perlite.
Create a favorable growing environment. Temperature and humidity are important factors to be considered in the cultivation of African violets. Most violets can grow in an environment of 16-27 degrees Celsius, but the ideal temperature is 22-24 degrees during the day and 18 degrees at night. The optimum humidity is 40%-60%. During hot weather, place a humidifier or a bowl of water next to the pansy to increase humidity.
Fertilize. The lack of timely nutritional supplements is one of the common reasons why African violets do not bloom. The easiest solution is to mix in liquid fertilizer in every 4.5 liters of water. 20-20-20 and 12-36-14 are water-soluble fertilizers with balanced nutrition. Also, the fertilizer used should contain less urea nitrogen, as urea can cause root burning. Substances such as formaldehyde, copper sulfate and nitroglycerin, if used in moderation and with careful care, can greatly improve plant health. Turpentine, iodine, and regular table salt are also good soil additives to prevent weed growth.
Do not get the leaves wet, as water droplets on the leaves can cause tan spots. The soil should be kept moist at all times, but not saturated with water, which can cause root rot or crown rot. In general, watering once a week is sufficient, or every time the soil becomes dry by more than 2.5 cm. If there is hole in the bottom of the flower pot, you can place the flower pot in the water basin and fill it with water from the bottom up. In addition, the ideal potting medium should be composed of 25% air, 25% water and 50% soil.
African violets need constant care.